Teacher of Students with Visual Impairments
acorns, berries, cider, gourds, hay, leaf/lawn bags, pinec ones, rake, real leaves, scarecrow, silk leaves, twigs, walnuts
Possible Vocabulary for this unit include but are not limited to:
acorn, bags, berry, birch, brown, burn, cider, cobweb, cold, corn, fall, football, gourd, hay, hayride, jump, kick, leaf, leaves, maple, nut, nutshell, oak, orange, pine cone, rake, red, scarecrow, smoke, tree, wood, yellow
Possible web categories include:
- Types of trees: birch, maple, oak, walnut
- Fall colors: orange, brown, red, yellow
- Fall activities: football, raking, burning , blowing, hayride
- Products of Trees: acorns, berries, leaves, nuts
- Signs of Autumn: bags, cider, cobwebs, corn, gourd, hay, scarecrows
Literature Related to Autumn & Trees..
A Tree for All Seasons - Bernard
Autumn Leaves - Robbins
Autumn Leaves - Saunders-Smith
Crinkleroot's Guide To Knowing the Trees - Jim Arnosky
Frederick – Leo Lionni
Hello, Tree! - Joanne Ryder
Once There Was A Tree - Natalia Romanova
Red Leaf, Yellow Leaf - Lois Ehlert
The Oak Tree - Laura Jane Coats
The Tremendous Tree Book - May Garelick
Tree Trunk Traffic - Bianca Lavies
Why Do Leaves Change Colors? - Maestro
A Late Walk – Robert Frost
Autumn Fires - Robert Louis Stevenson
Going for Water – Robert Frost
In Hardwood Groves – Robert Frost
October – Robert Frost
October Paint – Carl Sandburg
Out, Out – Robert Frost
The Last Word of a Bluebird – Robert Frost
The Road Not Taken – Robert Frost
The Leaves are Falling Down (sung to the tune of "The Farmer in the Dell") – Leaves – Mailbox Magazine
The leaves are falling down,
The leaves are falling down,
Red, Orange, Yellow, & Brown,
The leaves are falling down.
Pop Culture Songs:
Autumn Almanac - The Kinks
California Dreamin' - The Mamas and the Papas
Forever Autumn - The Moody Blues
October - U2
Scarborough Fair - Simon & Garfunkel
September - Earth, Wind & Fire
Provide a variety of objects that are made from a tree as well as those that are not made from a tree (ex. Pencil, pen, book, flip flop, t-shirt, apple, can, plastic utensils, etc.). Have the students sort the objects between to bins, one from a tree and one not from a tree.
Create a graph of items made from trees that can be found in the classroom (including what students are wearing). Create a chart depicting those items and then determine which items there are the most of.
Autumn Effect on Animals & Nature
Birds and animals have ways of preparing for winter during this season (animals store food and grow winter coats). Birds start migrating. This is also the time when farmers harvest crops.
Autumn is often called fall. Fall comes after summer and before winter. Autumn is usually defined in the Northern Hemisphere as the period between the autumn equinox and the winter solstice. This is usually between September 22nd or 23rd and December 21st and 22nd. The days get shorter during Autumn. In autumn, the leaves change from green to a variety of fall colors including oranges, yellows, reds and browns.
Autumn = Cooler Temperature
The weather during fall is cooler than summer in most areas. During autumn the weather transitions from summer heat to winter cold. People must wear warmer clothing in fall. It is often called fall in the US because leaves fall from the trees at that time. so there isn’t as much time to play outdoors.
Discuss how some types of leaves are toxic when ingested while others are safe. Many insects and animals depend on leaves for their food supply. People use some leaves for teas, to season foods, or to flavor candy and gum.
Obtain a variety of acorns and artificial leaves. Attach Velcro to them and attach to a felt board of solid contrasting color. Encourage the students to visually or tactually scan and obtain materials. Have students place them in a paper bag with the top rolled down. Extend the activity by having the students sort them into two bags.
Following the nature walk, use objects collected on the walk such as twigs, seeds, and leaves to create a collage. Afterwards, encourage students to write a poem about the collage or the walk. Dictate and summarize for students who need more support.
Cut out a variety of leaf shapes on various color construction paper. Have the students sponge paint with contrasting color paint to resemble real leaves. When the leaves dry, have the students glue the leaves around the edge of a large piece of paper to create a border. Have the students write an acrostic about fall or leaves and glue to the middle of the paper.
Provide students with a collection of acorns. Encourage them to count various sets of acorns. Have the students compare sets to determine which set is greater than, less than or the same as the objects in another group.
Acorn Count & Number Sequence
Present students with small brown bags rolled down at the top to resemble leaf bags that are labeled in print/braille with numbers 1 to 10 or more if able. Add tactual dots for students who need additional support. Have the students place the corresponding number of acorns in the numbered containers. Have the students arrange the containers in numeric order.
Go on an outdoor walk and gather a leaves that have fallen from various trees. Encourage students to feel and explore a variety of leaves and crumple dry leaves. Have the students feel the tree trunks and compare the similarities and differences between the species. Look for a hollowed log to allow the students to feel inside. Also look for a tree stump that would allow the students to see and feel the rings of the tree. Bring along a bag for each student to collect leaves and other signs of nature. Be on the lookout for twigs, fallen branches, acorns, pinecones and other seeds or signs of fall.
Bring along a couple of rakes and encourage students to take turns raking leaves into piles. Have students compare trees and determine which are the most common. Have students show their findings on a chart using real leaves. Help students identify trees that are native to the area. Take pictures of items in nature.
Nature Walk Hunt
Create cards with pictures of objects or use actual objects that students will encounter on their nature walk (ex. Maple leaves, oak leaves, acorns, rocks, twigs, pine cones, pine needles, etc.) Write a number next to each item. Have the students work independently or in pairs or small groups to obtain the correct number of items and place them in a brown bag.
Rules about leaf Disposal
Discuss that some local governments have rules on how you can get rid of leaves. Some people burn leaves, but there are rules for where and how you can burn leaves.
Autumn Effect on Clothing & Sports
In Autumn, people begin to change their summer clothes to warmer clothes. The days are shorter so there is less time to play outdoors in the evening. The baseball World Series occurs in Fall and the football season begins.
Discuss that there are a variety of ways to earn money. One way is to offer to do chores for others that are physical such as raking leaves. Discuss what would be a fair amount to charge for raking. Would they charge by how much time they spent or how many bags they filled?
Arrange to have students rake an area of the school campus or rake leaves for neighbors.
Art & Leisure
Paint the back of a fresh leaf with brown, yellow, orange, red or green paint. Place the leaf, paint side down on a large sheet of paper. Lay a sheet of waxed paper atop the leaves and use a rolling pin to gently roll over them. Lift the waxed paper to reveal the print.
Place a leaf or leaves on the table. Use a crayon or colored pencils to repeatedly rub over the leaf. The wax rubbings will create raised lines that the student can feel.
Provide a variety of shape and size leaves. Encourage the student to glue them on paper to create leaf creatures. Use various size wiggly eyes to create faces.
Autumn Woods Painting or Drawing
Encourage students to paint or draw a picture of a forest in autumn with a path forking to the right and left.
Create "nutty buddies" by gluing wiggly eyes and feet to walnuts.
Wreath of Nature
Cut a donut from a cardboard box to create a wreath. Glue pine cones, nuts, dried leaves, corncobs and other nature materials to the cardboard. Wrap, tie, or glue raffia to the wreath. When the glue is dry, spray the wreath with a clear hobby paint to finish.