VISUAL IMPAIRMENT PROGRAM
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History of Visual Impairments
Allman and Lewis. ECC Essentials: Teaching the Expanded Core Curriculum to Students with Visual Impairments. American Foundation for the Blind, 2014. ECC Essentials: Teaching the Expanded Core Curriculum to Students with Visual Impairments is the first comprehensive book for teachers of students with visual impairments to focus on the nine areas of the ECC that encompass the unique skills children and adolescents with visual impairments need to learn in order to access the core educational curriculum and become independent individuals, by providing the rationale, suggestions, and strategies necessary to implement instruction.
Bishop, Virginia. Teaching Visually Impaired Children. Charles C Thomas Pub Ltd, 1996. The skills emphasized in Bishop's book encourage interdependence as well as independence, and the teacher who follows its guidelines can build a learning environment which allows the student choices and opportunities for the best education.
Cassin, Barbara M. Dictionary of Eye Terminology. Triad, 2006. This dictionary is a must for Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments. It makes ophthalmic terminology accessible and understandable to all. It is a handy and easy-to-use guide for looking up unfamiliar terms and finding definitions. It also includes a list of abbreviations and acronyms.
Corn and Erin. Foundations of Low Vision: Clinical and Functional Perspectives, 2nd Edition. American Foundation for the Blind, 2010. This text highlights the importance of the functional reality of low vision. It presents how to assess and support both children and adults with low vision and plan programs and services focused on optimizing people's functional vision and ability to lead productive lives.
D'Andrea, Frances Mary. Looking to Learn: Promoting Literacy for Students With Low Vision. American Foundation for the Blind, 2000. This book provides teachers with practical tips and advice on improving literacy skills for students with low vision. It discusses interpreting eye reports, performing functional vision assessments, working with low vision service providers and more. All these resources assist the teacher in helping the student use their vision effectively.
Holbrook and Koenig. Foundations of Education, Second Edition Vol II: Instructional Strategies for Teaching Children and Youths with Visual Impairments. A comprehensive compilation of best practices specific to each area of the core curriculum.
Holbrook and Koenig. Foundations of Education, Second Edition Vol I: History and Theory of Teaching Children and Youths with Visual Impairments. A comprehensive look at the history and theory of teaching children and youths with visual impairments.
Jose, Randall T. Understanding Low Vision. American Foundation for the Blind, 1983. This text covers the fundamentals, assessment, clinical services, training and instructional services for students with visual impairments. It discusses the impact of low vision on functioning, learning, and psychosocial status.
Levack, Stone, and Bishop. Low Vision: A Resource Guide with Adaptations for Students with Visual Impairments. Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI), 1994. This text discusses the challenges of programming for students who are visually impaired, the role of the instructor, the range of programming needs including those who are at their developmental level, significantly delayed and those with Cortical Visual Impairments.
Lueck, Amanda Hall. Functional Vision: A Practitioner's Guide to Evaluation and Intervention. American Foundation for the Blind, 2004. This text presents a systematic, comprehensive, integrated approach to assessing functional vision and delivering appropriate services determined by evaluation results and link intervention to assessment findings.
Olmstead, Jean E. Itinerant Teaching: Tricks of the Trade for Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments, 2nd ed. American Foundation for the Blind, 2005. This book is designed to help the itinerant teacher of the visually impaired manage the school year, organize materials and times, schedule and program events and activities, work in teams, travel, negotiate varying school environments, and deal with diverse caseloads.
Spunqin, Susan. When You Have a Visually Impaired Student in Your Classroom: A Guide for Teachers. American Foundation for the Blind, 2002. This guidebook is written for teachers and addresses how to effectively work with a student with visual impairments and introduces special devices that may be used by the student.
Swallow, Rose-Marie. How to Thrive Not Just Survive: A guide to independent skills for blind and visually impaired children and youth. American Foundation for the Blind, 1987. This book is a practical, hands-on guide for parents, teachers, and everyone involved in helping children develop the skills necessary for socialization, orientation and mobility, and leisure and recreational activities.
Organizations Dedicated to Serving People with Visual Impairments
The Association for the Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired (AER) is an international membership organization of professionals who work in all phases of education and rehabilitation of children
and adults who are blind and visually impaired. AER offers online courses through the Mangold online program.
The American Foundation for the Blind (AFB) is a non-profit organization that provides information, directories, publications, and links on visual impairment and blindness issues. They promote employment, independent living, literacy, and technology for people with visual impairments. They also provide referrals to local rehabilitation services. The AFB eLearning Center offers an accessible Learning environment that includes online courses, webinars (both live and archived), and ePublications. They also hold the annual AFB Leadership Conference.
The primary purpose of the Division of Visual Impairment is to advance the education of individuals with visual impairments and to promote related educational, scientific, and charitable purposes. Specifically, the Division intends: to assist and provide support to The Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) in all its efforts on behalf of persons with exceptionalities, and to participate in all appropriate governance activities of CEC subject to the general supervision and control of CEC.
International Council for Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI) is a global association of individuals and organizations that promotes equal access to appropriate education for all children and youth with visual impairment so that they may achieve their full potential. Their website includes information that is relevant not only to ICEVI in general, but, most importantly, to the activities that take place in the seven regions of ICEVI: Africa, East Asia, Europe, Latin America, North America/Caribbean, Pacific, and West Asia.
“The National Federation of the Blind (NFB) is the oldest, largest, and most influential nationwide membership organization of blind people in the United States. Founded in 1940, the NFB advocates for the civil rights and equality of blind Americans, and develops innovative education, technology, and training programs to provide the blind and those who are losing vision with the tools they need to become independent and successful.”
- Impact on Development & Learning
- Concept Development
- Create Tactual Books
- Braille Instruction
- Writing Braille
- Reading Efficiency
- Tactile Graphics Instruction
- Creating Tactile Graphics
- Cranmer Abacus Instruction
- Functional Skills
- Organization & Study Skills
- Listening Skills Instruction
- Signature & Handwriting Instruction
- Sensory Efficiency >
- Non-Optical Low Vision Devices
- Optical Devices for Near
- Optical Devices for Distance
- Video Magnifiers
- Video Magnifier Instruction
- iPads as Instructional Tools
- Making the iOS Device Accessible
- Screen Enlargement & Readers
- Braille Technology
- Braillewriter Repair
- Tactile Graphics Technology
- Low/Medium Tech Devices for Tactual Learners
- Notetaker Instruction
- Accessing Audio Books
- Auditory Access Devices
- Navigate Computer without a Mouse
- Word Processing and Shortcuts
- Keyboarding Instruction
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