Communication modes fall under compensatory skills and incorporate skills needed by students who are blind or visually impaired. Some students will need instruction in the braille code in order to access print as well as handwriting and signature instruction. Additionally, students may require large print, use of optical devices, recorded materials, picture symbols, and more to support access to communication. This section provides information, suggestions, and strategies in instructing persons in these areas.
A more formal teaching approach is needed when a student is ready to develop academic braille skills. Enjoyment of reading should be encouraged using materials of interest to the student as well as exposure to braille literacy in daily living activities. This page provides strategies and suggestions for developing braille reading skills.
This page provides a list of materials that are helpful in instructing students in the braille code and braille reading efficiency.
Students will not only need to learn to read braille, but to write braille as part of their literacy program. This page provides suggestions and strategies for instructing the student in writing braille.
Some students will need adaptations and support in producing legible writing if handwriting will be a form of written communication. A legal signature, on the other hand, is important for all students to develop. This page provides suggestions on helping students develop a legal signature and handwriting.
The Nemeth Code for math and science notation was developed by Abraham Nemeth in order to transcribe the symbols. The code uses the same braille symbols used in literary braille but with different rules. This page provides information and resources on the Nemeth Code.
Explicit instruction in the reading and interpretation of tactile graphics is critical for students who are tactile learners. This page provides activities that can be used to instruct students in learning how to read tactile graphics.
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