To better understand how a specific visual diagnosis affects the eye, it is important to understand the function of each part of the eye. This page provides an overview of the different areas of the eye and their functions.
A child with a visual impairment is one whose vision, even with correction, adversely impacts a child's educational performance. The World Health Organization uses the following classifications of visual impairment.This page details the classifications of visual impairments.
As with any field, there can be a lot of "jargon" or unfamiliar words found in medical reports. This page lists common vocabulary that can be found in eye reports.
There are a number of eye disorders that can lead to visual impairments. Visual impairment can also be caused by trauma and brain and nerve disorders. This page describes some of the more common types of visual impairments.
A cortical visual impairment is not caused by any abnormality of the eyes. Instead, it results from damage within the brain, often within the visual cortex of the brain. This page provides more information on CVI.
Convergence Insufficiency (CI) is a near vision problem that is gaining public recognition. Students with CI can present with a normal eye exam, but have significant difficulty performing close work. This page provides information on CI and eligibility for services.
Deafblindness refers to a combination of hearing and vision loss. The combined effects of the two sensory losses can have a very significant affect on the student's learning. This page provides information related to students that are deaf and blind.
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