Independent living skills are the activities people perform, according to their abilities, which enable them to manage their homes and personal lives. The development of independent living skills is important to all students and particularly with students who are blind and visually impaired.
Visit Product Support to learn how to buy products & services using a purchase order.
By: Carmen Willings
Updated June 9, 2019
The following adaptations can help the student develop independence and confidence in locating, identifying, cutting, and seasoning foods. These skills can be practiced at home so the student feels confident in transferring these skills to new settings.
Locate Place Setting
Encourage the student to use the following techniques:
Orient to Contents on Plate
Instruct the student in the following possible techniques:
Advise the student to locate which edge of a knife is used for cutting by running the edge of the knife along the edge of the plate as opposed to using the finger. Stab the meat with the fork and use the edge of the fork prong to guide the knife.
Spreading Semi-Soft Foods
Instruct the student to locate the edge of the knife used for cutting (see above). Place the flat edge of the knife at the end of the stick and slide it along the stick. Have the student place the pat of butter in the center and use a systematic pattern to spread out to the edges.
Salt & Pepper Foods
Instruct the student to tell the difference between salt and pepper by shaking the containers slightly. Salt is heavier than pepper. Advise the student to shake the salt or pepper directly into the hand and then apply it to food. Teach the student to use tactile discrimination skills to tell the difference between sugar packets, creamer and salt/pepper packets. Tear the top corner and don't completely remove as it may fall in food.
Use Fork and Spoon
Instruct the student to use a slice of bread (or other "pusher" item like a knife or other piece of food) in the non-dominant and help push the food onto the fork,
Cafeterias & Buffets
While independence is ideal, buffets pose a particular challenge for individuals who are blind or visually impaired. Advise the student to ask for assistance from a sighted person to avoid accidents or contamination of food. The sighted person can describe the food while holding the tray. Instruct the student how to stabilize drinks on the tray
Sign up for free membership to access the FREE downloadable handbooks and handouts on the Free Printables page along with access to the Goal Bank pages. Simply click on the Log In | Register link in the navigation bar. If you haven't joined yet, you will be prompted to create a password.
ECC Complete Set Bonus Pages
Purchase the TVI's Guide to Teaching the ECC Complete Set and immediately unlock the pages within the ECC Complete Set Bonus including bonus printables, interactive sensory stories, interactive matching activities, interactive choice making activities, job task box activities and MORE! This is my way of continuing to support you and say "Thank you!" for choosing to purchase the Complete Set.
TVI's Guide Complete Set Bundle + BONUS Resources
Buy together and get BONUS resources!
The TVI's Guide to Teaching the ECC Complete Set includes the following:
The LOTTO Cards Grab and Go Supplement includes 37 theme related unit cards along with activity suggestions that support activities within the TVI's Guide to Teaching the ECC.
On My Way File Folder Cards
Print and use these cards to represent locations the student may visit that are related to the current thematic unit. Use these with the On My Way File Folder Game outlined in the TVI's Guide to Teaching the ECC p. 27.
NEW! Access to TVI's Guide Bonus Membership Pages
Bonus pages include tutorials, printables, interactive sensory story downloads, and interactive choice making, matching and visual discrimination computer games (PowerPoint based interactive games), and job task activities.
All products are digital pdf downloads. Once you make your purchase you will be directed to an order confirmation page where you will find the download link. This download will also be included on the receipt sent to the email address you provide. The pdf download can be found directly under the order number. If you encounter any difficulty, please let me know and I can assist you. Once you purchase the complete set you will have immediate access to the bonus pages!
*Please contact me if you need to purchase using a purchase order. I am happy to help guide you in the process of adding Teaching Students with Visual Impairments as an approved vendor for your school or program or you can visit the product support page for information on using a PO.
Shop More Categories