By: Carmen Willings
Revised May 16, 2017
As with all professions, Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments will face ethical dilemmas and need to use personal and professional standards to handle these issues. Each person has their own code of ethics based on their personal set of beliefs and standards they use to guide their life.
How people respond to ethical dilemmas is governed by their own internal belief system. Professional code of ethics guide professional practice. The Council for Exceptional Children (CEC), has a code of ethics for educators of persons with special needs that can be found in their Ethical Principle and Practice Standards.
Code of Ethics
AER established and adopted a code of ethics in 1992 for teachers of students with visual impairments, O&M specialists, rehabilitation teachers, and low vision therapists that can be found in the appendix section of Foundations of Education, Volume 1. The Teacher of Students with Visual Impairments Code of Ethics addresses:
Ethical dilemmas will most likely be encountered throughout a professional’s career. When faced with an ethical dilemma, Kay Holbrook and Alan Koenig suggest the following strategies within Foundations of Education, Vol. 1, History and Theory of Teaching Children and Youths with Visual Impairments (PP. 263-264):
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TVI's Guide to Teaching the ECC: An Activities Based Curriculum for Teaching Students who are Blind or Visually Impaired
Written specifically for fellow itinerant Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments (TVI’s), this book consists of over 400 activities and topic areas of discussion for instructing students in the Expanded Core Curriculum. The activities are age-neutral and multi-sensory and therefore can meet the needs of the broad range of students served on an itinerant caseload serving. The activities can be individualized to the students various learning modalities and scaffold in order to challenge students but ensure success. Select those activities that align with the student’s learning objects based on the student’s unique visual needs and academic and developmental level.
The core activities listed in the Activity section can be adapted to each thematic unit. These include:
In addition to the core activity areas, each of the 32 Thematic Units incorporates additional unique ECC concepts and skills providing you with a years’ worth of activities. These units are cyclical and can be used repeatedly to help students build on prior knowledge and develop a deeper understanding of concepts. Each unit includes suggestions for activity adaptation associated with the unit. These include lists of objects, possible community based experiences, environmental print, poems, children & young reader books, children's songs, pop culture songs, movies, and websites.
Unique Concepts within the Units include:
Although the intended audience of this resource is fellow Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments, special education teachers may find these activities beneficial to the students in their classrooms as the activities are multisensory and include life skills and concepts needed by all students. This resource, however, is not intended to take the place of a Teacher of Students with Visual Impairments (TVI). Readers are advised to consult their own TVI’s regarding instruction in the ECC and the unique visual needs of the student’s served in their programs.
Note: This curriculum is a digital pdf download. Once you make your purchase you will be directed to an order confirmation page where you will find the download link. This download will also be included on the receipt sent to the email address you provide. The pdf download can be found directly under the order number.
Each download is intended for single instructor use per copyright. Thank you for helping me preserve the content and not distributing copies to third parties.
Digital pdf download: 364 pages (11 pt font)
Publisher: Teaching Students with Visual Impairments
Author: Carmen Willings