VI Sports Associations
Resources compiled by Carmen Willings
Updated June 27, 2022
Several great sports organizations provide information and resources specific to persons who are blind or visually impaired. If you are aware of additional resources that you feel should be listed here, please let me know so I can add them.
Provides outdoor programs for people with all disabilities, including blindness, low vision, and deafblindness. Offers a summer program that includes activities such as rafting; flatwater, canoeing, and kayaking; and overnight camping. The winter program includes skiing, snowboarding, and a variety of "sit-ski" instruction.
The American Association of Adapted Sports Programs, Inc. works in partnership with education agencies in the U.S. to establish programs, policies, procedures, and regulations in interscholastic adapted sports for students with physical disabilities; provides services to Local Education Agencies, State High School Associations and State departments of Education in extracurricular adapted athletics for physically disabled children attending grades 1-12; and improves student well-being while positively influencing total student development.
Holds tournaments for bowlers with visual impairments across the United States. Publishes The Blind Bowler, which includes articles submitted by members and information about tournament events and standings, and supplies guide rails for bowling lanes.
Promotes golf for people with visual impairments and holds a national championship.
The American Blind Skiing Foundation is a non-profit totally volunteer organization that provides persons who are blind with opportunities to build confidence and independence through skiing.
The Beep Kickball Association mission is to enrich the lives of all people who are visually impaired through participation in sports. It is currently being played in over 80 summer camps and schools for the blind across the nation. The association challenges you to start a team in your city!
Promotes judo for people who are blind or have low vision by identifying head instructors and their dojos interested in working with people who are blind or visually impaired and offers professional development activities, information, and educational resources for coaches on how to work with visually impaired students. Provides funding to students for training.
Offers skiing, snowmobiling, ice skating, and many summer activities such as hiking and rock climbing for people with disabilities. Hosts daily adaptive ski and snowboard programs and camps for people with any physical or cognitive disabilities.
Offers a description and history of blind sailing and information about recreational and competitive sailing for people who are blind or visually impaired, adaptive equipment, and international racing rules.
Runs developmental sports camps with sports and recreation activities adapted and modified for children with blindness, visual impairments, or deafblindness, such as aquatics, track and field, goalball, gymnastics, tandem biking, beep baseball, Power Showdown, bocce, horseback riding, bowling, dancing, rollerblading, fishing, rowing, and rock climbing. The original camp was in Brockport, New York and additional camps have been patterned after it in different states.
Disabled Sports USA provides adaptive sports opportunities for people with disabilities to develop independence, confidence, and fitness through sports.
The Foundation for the Junior Blind provides recreational services for children who are blind or visually impaired.
The International Blind Golf Association provides a way for persons who are blind or visually impaired, with the assistance of coaches/guides, to enjoy the friendship and exercise the game of golf provides. Each year four or five national open championships take place and every two years the World Blind Golf Championships are held.
International organization with affiliates in five continents that develops and promotes sports for people who are blind or visually impaired. Organizes competitive events, develops and finalizes rules and conditions for individual sports, and raises awareness of the participation of people with visual impairments in sports. Holds World Championship Games every four years. Provides descriptions of adapted sports, including rules and regulations, and a calendar of upcoming competitions.
The National Beep Baseball Association's facilitates and provides the adaptive version of America's favorite pastime for persons who are blind or have low vision. Learn more on the association's website about the game, rules, teams, equipment, and history.
Offers free summer and winter camps in the United States and Canada for children and adults who are legally blind. Summer camps are open to people from 9 to 9=65 years of age and offer a variety of activities, including horseback riding, waterskiing, swimming, hiking, rappelling, canoeing, backpacking, archery, go-carts, beep baseball, and talent night. Winter camps are designed to give individuals ages 14-30 with visual impairments the opportunity to participate in winter activities, including skiing, sleighing, snowmobiling, and tubing.
Conducts a week-long event in which adults who are blind or mobility impaired are taught the basics of cross-country skiing by pairing them with an experienced, sighted, cross-country skier who acts as ski instructor. Events are offered in areas across the United States by regional affiliates as well as in Canada and Japan.
The United States Association of Blind Athletes is a Colorado-based organization that provides life-enriching sports opportunities for every individual with a visual impairment. A member of the U.S. Olympic Committee, USABA provides athletic opportunities in various sports including, but not limited to track and field, Nordic and alpine skiing, biathlon, judo, wrestling, swimming, tandem cycling, powerlifting, and goalball.
Promotes participation of individuals who are visually impaired or blind in the sport of tandem cycling.
Division of the US Olympic Committee responsible for selecting and managing the US teams that compete in the Paralympic Games. Provides information on game rules and schedules, and general resources for competitors.
Encourages people with disabilities to participate in the sport of swimming as a division of USA Swimming, the national governing body for the sport of swimming in the United States. Maintains a resource section of information on its website.
Offers access to and instruction in sports and recreational opportunities, including alpine skiing, snowboarding, kayaking, canoeing, sailing, cycling, hiking, rock climbing, tennis, horseback riding, and more, for people with physical, cognitive, and emotional disabilities.
Glenn Hamilton is a bowling coach working on an outreach campaign about bowling for people who are blind. He is trying to spread the word about how bowling is a great sport for people who are blind as it requires few adaptations making it easy for students to play with their sighted friends.
History of vi
Vi organizations & Agencies
VI book resources
Individual Learning Differences
Community Based Experiences
Concepts to Teach
Access to Instruction
Organization & Study Skills
Movies & Assemblies
Lectures & Instruction
Board Work (Chalk, White, etc.)
Numbers & Counting
Cranmer Abacus Instruction
Geometry & Spatial Sense
Measurement & Data
Early Literacy Experiences
Create Tactual Books
Social Studies Adaptations
Accessible Educational Materials
Individual Schedules & Communication Cards
Optical Devices for Near
Optical Devices for Distance
Optical Device Use
Pictures & Worksheets
Word Processing and Shortcuts
Navigate Computer w/o a Mouse
Braille Instruction Materials
Summer Reading (braille)
Signature & Handwriting
Nemeth Braille Code
Tactile Graphics Guidelines
Creating Tactile Graphics
Tactile Graphics Instruction
Teacher Made Materials
Overview of Assistive Technology
VI AT Resources
Non-Optical Low Vision Devices
Video Magnifier Instruction
Screen Enlargement & Readers
Low/Med. Tech Tactual Devices
Tactile Graphics Technology
Auditory Access Devices
Accessing Audio Books
iPads as Instructional Tools
Making iOS Device Accessible
iOS Accessibility Resources
Apps for VI
Note Taking apps
Apps for Accessing Books
Navigation & Location Apps
Sound Making Apps
Cause & Effect Apps
Vision Skills Apps
Apps for Early Learning
Read to Me Story Apps
Apps for Communication
Android Apps for VI
Encourage Use of Vision
Sensory Area & Rooms
Sensory Activities for Students with Multiple Disabilities
Visual Efficiency Skills
Visual Attend and Scan Activities
Visual Tracking Activities
Visual Discrimination Activities
Visual Motor Activities
Developing Skillful Hands
Listening Skill Instruction
orientation & Mobility
recreation & Leisure