By: Carmen Willings
Updated June 9, 2019
Students need to understand their visual impairment in order to effectively communicate and advocate for their needs. It is equally important for students to learn how to problem solve in order to make the necessary adaptations in order to be successful.
Knowledge of Disability & Needs
It is important for students to understand their disabilities and unique needs. Help the student develop a knowledge of their visual impairment and any other disability as well as the unique needs it results in. As part of learning about their disability, the student should be instructed on how to:
As part of learning about their visual impairment, it may be appropriate, to help the student learn the different parts of the eye. The student can do this by examining their own eyes in a mirror and examining the color and shape and differences in the eye. Depending on the student's developmental and cognitive level, it may be appropriate to encourage the student to explore a pull-apart model to help students explore different parts of the eye and discuss the various functions.
Advocate for Needs
It is important for students to understand and be able to communicate with others about their unique needs. Students need to be taught how to:
As with all students, it is important for students who are blind or visually impaired to learn how to problem solve and come up with solutions to problems. Encourage the student to develop the following problem-solving skills unique to their visual impairment:
Access Visual Impairment Resources
It is important for students to learn to access materials, resources, and agencies for people who are blind or visually impaired.
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