By: Carmen Willings
Bloom's taxonomy is a classification of learning objectives within education, originated by Benjamin Bloom and collaborators in the 1950s describes several categories of cognitive learning. Bloom's taxonomy divides educational objectives into "domains". Within the domains, learning at the higher levels is dependent on having attained prerequisite knowledge and skills at lower levels.
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If the goal focuses on the student's ability to recall previously learned materials, facts, terms, basic concepts and answers consider using these action words:
count, define, identify, label, list, match, name, quote, recall, recite, recognize, record, relate, repeat, sequence, tell, underline, write
If the goal focuses on the student's ability to grasp meaning, explain, or restate ideas, or in other ways demonstrate understanding of facts and ideas learned, consider using these action words:
choose, cite examples of, conclude, demonstrate, describe, determine, differentiate, discriminate, discuss, explain, express, give in own words, identify, interpret, locate, paraphrase, pick, predict, report, restate, review, recognize, select, summarize, tell, translate, respond, practice, stimulates
If the goal focuses on the student's ability to use learned material in new situations, consider using these action words:
apply, change, compute, conclude, demonstrate, dramatize, employ, generalize, illustrate, initiate, interpret, interview, operate, operationalize, practice, prepare, produce, relate, role-play, schedule, show, transfer, use, utilize
Many people also call the analysis, synthesis, and evaluations categories "problem solving"
If the goal focuses on the student's ability to separate material into component parts and show relationships between parts, consider using these action words:
analyze, appraise, calculate, categorize, characterize, classify, compare, conclude, contrast, correlate, criticize, deduce, debate, deduce, detect, determine, develop, diagnose, diagram, differentiate, discriminate, distinguish, draw conclusions, estimate, evaluate, examine, experiment, identify, infer, inspect, inventory, outline, predict, question, relate, research, separate, solve, test
If the goal focuses on the student's ability to put together the separate ideas to form new whole, establish new relationships, consider using these action words:
arrange, assemble, collect, compose, construct, create, design, develop, formulate, manage, integrate, invent, make, modify, organize, perform, plan, prepare, produce, propose, predict, reconstruct, rewrite, set-up, synthesize, systematize, devise
If the goal focuses on the student's ability to judge the worth of material against stated criteria, consider using these action words:
appraise, argue, assess, choose, compare, conclude, critique, decide, estimate, evaluate, judge, justify, measure, predict, prioritize, prove, rank, rate, revise, score, select, validate, value, test