By: Carmen Willings
A person's self concept is based on their sense of identify and rooted in their sense of self worth. Families and teams need to encourage the student to develop a good self concept as a person with a visual impairment. A societies values toward persons with visual impairments will contribute to the student's sense of self worth and may prevent the student from feeling adequate. It is important to provide the student with opportunities to experience genuine success. Allow the student to make decisions, take responsibility, take risks, and foster independence.
There are a number of things you can do to help the student develop a positive self concept. Begin by first valuing the student and pointing out the things they are able to do and are good at. This does not mean falsely building them up or giving them false praise, but genuinely pointing out their strengths. Let the student hear you provide praise of other students accomplishments as well. The student needs to understand that everyone has unique gifts and abilities. Emphasize that all people are to be valued without giving them a bloated ego. Let the student hear you rejoice (model self praise) when you accomplish something so they can understand that it is OK to be happy about accomplishments. You can further help a student develop a positive self concept by encouraging them to:
Problem Solving, Decision Making, & Planning
It is important for students to seek help when needed, but learn from experiences in order to become as independent as possible. Students should be encouraged to be diligent and persistent and at the same time realistic and adapt or modify their goals as needed.
To help the student develop problem solving, decision making, and planning skills, encourage the student to:
Glaser, Edie. All Children Have Different Eyes: Learn to Play and Make Friends...Starring Tommy and Nystagmus (wobbly eyes) and Wendy with Strabismus (crossed eyes). This interactive workbook models for children with visual impairments how to confidently and competently play and make friends while facing difficult social challenges, such as how to answer questions about their condition, enter play groups, and handle their limitations responsibly.
BeYoutiful, is a documentary about Sylvia Aponte who has a visual diagnosis of Leber's Congenital Amaurosis. The documentary shares Sylvia's story and her determination to achieve her goals and dreams.
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TVI's Guide to Teaching the ECC: An Activities Based Curriculum for Teaching Students who are Blind or Visually Impaired
Written specifically for fellow itinerant Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments (TVI’s), this book consists of over 400 activities and topic areas of discussion for instructing students in the Expanded Core Curriculum. The activities are age-neutral and multi-sensory and therefore can meet the needs of the broad range of students served on an itinerant caseload serving. The activities can be individualized to the students various learning modalities and scaffold in order to challenge students but ensure success. Select those activities that align with the student’s learning objects based on the student’s unique visual needs and academic and developmental level.
The core activities listed in the Activity section can be adapted to each thematic unit. These include:
In addition to the core activity areas, each of the 32 Thematic Units incorporates additional unique ECC concepts and skills providing you with a years’ worth of activities. These units are cyclical and can be used repeatedly to help students build on prior knowledge and develop a deeper understanding of concepts. Each unit includes suggestions for activity adaptation associated with the unit. These include lists of objects, possible community based experiences, environmental print, poems, children & young reader books, children's songs, pop culture songs, movies, and websites.
Unique Concepts within the Units include:
Although the intended audience of this resource is fellow Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments, special education teachers may find these activities beneficial to the students in their classrooms as the activities are multisensory and include life skills and concepts needed by all students. This resource, however, is not intended to take the place of a Teacher of Students with Visual Impairments (TVI). Readers are advised to consult their own TVI’s regarding instruction in the ECC and the unique visual needs of the student’s served in their programs.
Note: This curriculum is a digital pdf download. Once you make your purchase you will be directed to an order confirmation page where you will find the download link. This download will also be included on the receipt sent to the email address you provide. The pdf download can be found directly under the order number.
Each download is intended for single instructor use per copyright. Thank you for helping me preserve the content and not distributing copies to third parties.
Digital pdf download: 364 pages (11 pt font)
Publisher: Teaching Students with Visual Impairments
Author: Carmen Willings