Learn more about the Functional Vision Evaluation and Learning Media Assessment (FVLMA), including information on what it is, how it is conducted, implications and recommendations as well as guidelines for report writing and examples of how to write the report. The results will indicate what enhancements and adaptations may be helpful to maximize the visual potential for each student.
By: Carmen Willings
Updated October 23, 2017
I use this environmental print comparison regularly to help team members understand the comparison between the acuity a student is able to visually access and how it relates to font sizes. Keep in mind that it is important to use the lowest font size a student is able to easily, accurately, and fluidly read for longer passages. Although a student may have a threshold for a smaller font, if they cannot read it with accuracy and fluency, it will not be an efficient font size for sustained reading.
Near Vision Snellen Test Chart
The following is a list of environmental print that correlates to the acuity on a Near Vision Snellen Test Chart.
Information in the above chart was taken from the "Near Vision Test Chart" by the Low Vision Clinic, N.C. Memorial Hospital Dept. of Ophthalmology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC.
Functional Distance Acuity Approximations
The following is is a list of Functional Distance Acuity Approximations at a distance of 20 feet.
Approximate Functional Vision Acuity
An approximation of functional visual acuity can be determined for students that are non-verbal or otherwise unable to perform for standard acuity assessment by comparing the size of the object the student can identify to the distance from the student. Although this can't be used as an exact measurement, it can provide you with an idea of the student's acuity.
Distance from the student:
Topor, I. (2004). Approximate functional visual acuity for different sizes of objects and distances. Chapel Hill, NC: Early Intervention Training Center for Infants and Toddlers With Visual Impairments, FPG Child Development Institute, UNC-CH. Visual Conditions Module 06/06/04 S4 Handout H
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TVI's Guide Complete Set Bundle + BONUS Resources
Buy together and get BONUS resources!
The TVI's Guide to Teaching the ECC Complete Set includes the following:
The LOTTO Cards Grab and Go Supplement includes 37 theme related unit cards along with activity suggestions that support activities within the TVI's Guide to Teaching the ECC.
On My Way File Folder Cards
Print and use these cards to represent locations the student may visit that are related to the current thematic unit. Use these with the On My Way File Folder Game outlined in the TVI's Guide to Teaching the ECC p. 27.
NEW! Access to TVI's Guide Bonus Membership Pages
Bonus pages include tutorials, printables, interactive sensory story downloads, and interactive choice making computer games (PowerPoint based interactive games), and job task activities.
All products are digital pdf downloads. Once you make your purchase you will be directed to an order confirmation page where you will find the download link. This download will also be included on the receipt sent to the email address you provide. The pdf download can be found directly under the order number. If you encounter any difficulty, please let me know and I can assist you. Once you purchase the complete set you will have immediate access to the bonus pages!
*Please contact me if you need to purchase using a purchase order. I am happy to help guide you in the process of adding Teaching Students with Visual Impairments as an approved vendor for your school or program or you can visit the product support page for information on using a PO.
Recently, Carson Cochran, program manager at GIMC, shared a typometer pdf that was printed on clear acetate with me. By printing it on clear acetate, you can place the typometer over print to determine the font size. You can find a number of these available on Pinterest or by doing a Google search. Pictured is the Typometer that Carson provided me. What a great tool!
A typesetter ruler, like this C-Thru Flexible Typesetter’s Ruler, is made of clear plastic and has leading, type size, point rule, pica, point and inch scales. It will include font samples and rules of different sizes and more. Place it over your printed piece and match up the text in your sample with those printed on the ruler in order to get an estimate of the font size and line spacing and size of any rules in the design. APH's Newt kit includes this typesetter ruler!