Sensory efficiency skills include instruction in the use of residual vision, hearing and other senses including use of tactual, gustatory, and olfactory input to identify one's personal possessions or use hearing and other senses to identify people. Areas the student may need instruction in or consultation in include maximizing their use of vision, developing gross motor skills, developing fine motor skills, developing strength, stamina, and endurance in legs, arms, and hands, identifying textures tactually and underfoot, identifying kinesthetic and proprioceptive sources and identifying olfactory sources.
This page provides an overview of skills for visual efficiency. These include visually attending, tracking, shift of gaze, scanning, visual discrimination, visual motor, and visual closure.
Visual attending skills are important skills in laying a foundation for all other vision skills. This page provides suggestions and strategies for helping students visually attend and scan.
Visual tracking skills will help a student read as well as prepare them for safe and efficient travel. This page provides suggestions for encouraging students to use their vision to the highest extent possible.
Visual discrimination is the ability to recognize details in visual images. It allows students to identify and recognize the likeness and differences of shapes/forms, colors and position of objects, people, and printed materials. This page provides visual discrimination activities.
Visual motor skills are the skills to coordinate eyes and feet as well as eyes and hands. It is the coordination of vision with the movements of the body. A student with a visual impairment may need assistance in developing and facilitating gross motor movement, pointing to a destination or object, and in performing fine motor activities. This page provides visual motor activities.
Many students who have visual impairments will be print readers and will use print as their primary mode of communication. The Teacher of Students with Visual Impairments (TVI) will assess the student's functioning and determine what non-optical devices will assist a student in accessing print and instruct the student in the proper use and care of the devices.
The development of tactual exploration and discrimination skills are necessary for future braille readers as well as for students who may not be able to learn formal braille but can learn to discriminate objects by touch to help make sense of their world or to use for communication. This page lists the general order of the development of tactual skills.
All students need to develop strength and dexterity to complete everyday tasks. It is important for students to manipulate materials and develop their fine motor skills. This page provides suggestions on ways to develop skillful hands.
Listening skills are important for everyone, but especially for students who are blind or visually impaired. This page provides strategies in developing a students auditory readiness, a skill needed to lay a foundation for listening skills.
Since listening skills will be a major source of information for a student who is blind or visually impaired, it is important to develop good listening skills when the child is young. This page provides strategies for developing listening and auditory skills.
Sign up for free membership to access the FREE downloadable handbooks and handouts on the Free Printables page along with access to the Goal Bank pages. Simply click on the Log In | Register link in the navigation bar. If you haven't joined yet, you will be prompted to create a password.
ECC Complete Set Bonus Pages
Purchase the TVI's Guide to Teaching the ECC Complete Set and immediately unlock the pages within the ECC Complete Set Bonus including bonus printables, interactive sensory stories, interactive matching activities, interactive choice making activities, job task box activities and MORE! This is my way of continuing to support you and say "Thank you!" for choosing to purchase the Complete Set.
TVI's Guide Complete Set Bundle + BONUS Resources
Buy together and get BONUS resources!
The TVI's Guide to Teaching the ECC Complete Set includes the following:
The LOTTO Cards Grab and Go Supplement includes 37 theme related unit cards along with activity suggestions that support activities within the TVI's Guide to Teaching the ECC.
On My Way File Folder Cards
Print and use these cards to represent locations the student may visit that are related to the current thematic unit. Use these with the On My Way File Folder Game outlined in the TVI's Guide to Teaching the ECC p. 27.
NEW! Access to TVI's Guide Bonus Membership Pages
Bonus pages include tutorials, printables, interactive sensory story downloads, and interactive choice making, matching and visual discrimination computer games (PowerPoint based interactive games), and job task activities.
All products are digital pdf downloads. Once you make your purchase you will be directed to an order confirmation page where you will find the download link. This download will also be included on the receipt sent to the email address you provide. The pdf download can be found directly under the order number. If you encounter any difficulty, please let me know and I can assist you. Once you purchase the complete set you will have immediate access to the bonus pages!
*Please contact me if you need to purchase using a purchase order. I am happy to help guide you in the process of adding Teaching Students with Visual Impairments as an approved vendor for your school or program or you can visit the product support page for information on using a PO.
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If a child can't learn the way we teach, maybe we should teach the way they learn. -Ignacio 'Nacho' Estrada